Middle English galle "sore on the skin, stain, evil, barren or wet spot in a field (in names)," probably in part going back to Anglian Old English *galla (West Saxon gealla ) "sore on the skin of a horse," in part borrowed from Middle Low German galle "swelling in a joint, blastodisc, barren place," both nouns going back to Germanic *gallan- (whence also Old Norse galli "fault, flaw"), perhaps going back to an Indo-European base *ǵholH- , whence, from the derivative *ǵholH-r- , Norwegian galder "windgall," Old Irish galar "disease, pain," Welsh galar "mourning, grief" Note: Perhaps additionally connected are Lithuanian žalà "harm, damage" (from *ǵholH-eh 2 ), Hittite kallar "nefarious thing, demon" (from *ǵholH-ro- ), Old Church Slavic zŭlŭ "bad, evil" (from zero-grade *ǵhlH-o- ). According to an older hypothesis the Germanic words are a borrowing from Latin galla "gallnut, oak apple" (see 4 gall ), but given the wide distribution and range of meanings of the Germanic words, this appears unlikely.
Homelessness has migrated toward rural and suburban areas. The number of homeless people has not changed dramatically but the number of homeless families has increased according to a report of HUD.  The United States Congress appropriated $25 million in the McKinney-Vento Homeless Assistance Grants for 2008 to show the effectiveness of Rapid Re-housing programs in reducing family homelessness.    In February 2009, President Obama signed the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 , part of which addressed homelessness prevention, allocating $ billion for a Homeless Prevention Fund. Emergency Shelter Grant (ESG) program's name was changed to Emergency Solution Grant (ESG) program, and funds were re-allocated to assist with homeless prevention and rapid re-housing for families and individuals.