Religious discrimination is valuing or treating a person or group differently because of what they do or do not believe or because of their feelings towards a given religion. For instance, the indigenous Christian population of the Balkans , known as the "rayah" or the "protected flock", was discriminated against under the Ottoman Kanun–i–Rayah. The word is sometimes translated as 'cattle' rather than 'flock' or 'subjects' in order to emphasize the Christian population's inferior status to that of the Muslim rayah.  [ further explanation needed ]
The Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC) interprets and enforces the Equal Pay Act , Age Discrimination in Employment Act , Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, Title I and V of the Americans With Disabilities Act, Sections 501 and 505 of the Rehabilitation Act, and the Civil Rights Act of 1991.  The Commission was established by the Civil Rights Act of 1964.  Its enforcement provisions are contained in section 2000e-5 of Title 42,  and its regulations and guidelines are contained in Title 29 of the Code of Federal Regulations , part 1614.  Persons wishing to file suit under Title VII and/or the ADA must exhaust their administrative remedies by filing an administrative complaint with the EEOC prior to filing their lawsuit in court.