Galperin, W., ed. "Re-reading Box Hill: reading the practice of reading everyday life." Six articles on the Box Hill scene in Emma . "Unanswerable Gallantry and Thick-Headed Nonsense" by Michael Gamer. "Part of my aim is simply to show its complexity of signification, particularly the degree to which Austen frustrates even the most fundamental acts of interpretation and upsets rudimentary correspondences between signifiers and apparent signifieds." "Box Hill and the Limits of Realism," by George Levine. "Perhaps the most difficult thing for a modern reader of Emma to do is to take it straight, to accept Mr. Knightley as the moral authority the story seems to make him." "Social Theory at Box Hill: Acts of Union," by Deidre Lynch, who sees the scene as an acting out of several contradictory imperatives of nationhood and British identity. "Leaving Box Hill: Emma and Theatricality," by Adam Potkey, who traces Austen's stated preferences for Cowper and Johnson in pursuing issues of theatricality and display, to an ultimately deconstructive result. "Saying What One Thinks: Emma at Box Hill," by W. Walling, who considers the problem of anachronism, especially as it relates to views that either praise Austen's progressivism or bemoan her cultural limitations. "Boxing Emma; or the Reader's Dilemma at the Box Hill Games," by Susan J. Wolfson, who offers a close reading of the episode and its ramification in Emma . Wolfson contends it demonstrates that the character of Miss Bates is essential to a shifting idea of community in the novel. Romantic Circles (2001).
focus 1640s, from L. focus "hearth, fireplace," of unknown origin, used in post-classical times for "fire" itself, taken by Kepler (1604) in a mathematical sense for "point of convergence," perhaps on analogy of the burning point of a lens (the purely optical sense of the word may have existed before Kepler, but it is not recorded). Introduced into English 1650s by Hobbes. Sense transfer to "center of activity or energy" is first recorded 1796. The verb is first attested 1814 in the literal sense; the figurative sense is recorded earlier (1807). Related: Focused; focusing; focussed; focussing.