This course will provide a close reading of some of the key theoretical concepts, paradigms, and debates within Media Studies. We will look at media from a sociological perspective, approaching mass media as a tool that aids in constructing the political realm, the public sphere, and subjectivities. We will examine different traditions within the discipline and within sub disciplines such as film and cultural studies. Three major sub-themes will guide us throughout the course: a) Cultural studies b) Public sphere c) Semiotics. We will interrogate these dominant paradigms for what they might offer to our contemporary political, social and cultural moment and in particular to readings of media in India and throughout the global south.