When the singing is ‘in progress’, a ‘strong and shrill reinforcement’ comes from the schoolgirls. This has never happened before ‘within the memory of man’. The girls like the others had previously been ‘humble’ and followed the lead of the gallery. ‘A good deal of desperation’ is evident among the choir. Mr Bowman calls them “‘brazen-faced hussies’” and Mr Spinks asks “‘Shall anything bolder be found that united woman?’” The tranter says he wants to know what business people have telling them to sing like that when they are not sat in the gallery and have never been in one. Mr Spinks says “‘we useless ones’” should march out with their fiddles and all and laughs. Only the ‘initiated body of men’ understood the ‘horrible bitterness of irony’ of these words.